Women probably could have told us this without the 30 years of empirical data and a study attached, but men tend to be more narcissistic than women.

The study, conducted at the University at Buffalo School of Management, focused on the different aspects of narcissism. Leadership/authority, grandiose/exhibitionism and sense of entitlement were studied. Consistently, men were more full of themselves and their abilities.

Before you print the study and fasten it to every guy passing by, there’s a caveat. Men were able to use this trait to their advantage. A statement was released by Dr. Emily Grijalva on the phenomenon.

“[…] narcissism is shown to boost self-esteem, emotional stability and the tendency to emerge as a leader. By examining gender differences in narcissism, we may be able to explain gender disparities in these important outcomes.”

Study methods focused on responses to various questions and statements like, “If I ruled the world, it would be a much better place,” “I know that I am good because everyone keeps telling me so,” “I like having authority over people” and “I insist upon getting the respect that is due to me.”

The disparity between men and women was greatest on entitlement statements. Next was leadership and authority.

“Compared with women, men exhibit more assertiveness and desire for power,” Grijalva said. “But there was no difference in the exhibitionism aspect, meaning both genders are equally likely to display vanity or self-absorption.”

Narcissistic men? Before you pat yourself on the back, there are serious drawbacks to the behavior. Dr. Grijalva points out it can be associated “with various interpersonal dysfunctions, including an inability to maintain healthy long-term relationships, unethical behavior and aggression.”

Said unscientifically, you’re an asshole.

Increased narcissism wasn’t found in the study. Using data from 1990 through 2013, neither men or women become more narcissistic over time.

If you want to see anecdotal narcissism, just pop on Instagram.

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